The New Inn was built in 1751 when it became the principal hostelry in the village.
The Tanat Valley Hotel, formerly the Miner’s Arms, is an older building, dating in part from the 16th Century.
The house beside the Tanat opposite the Ebenezer Chapel was formerly the Powis Castle Inn, and there used to be another, the Cross Keys, up the nearby lane.
The village also had many small shops, but none survive today.
Mines and quarries
It is likely that metal mining had been undertaken at Llangynog since prehistoric or Roman times, but the first major discovery of lead ore came in 1692.
In the early 18th century the Llangynog lead mines were among the richest in Britain. Most of the shafts were sunk on the slopes of Cyrniau, south of the village, with galleries extending under the valley floor, but there were other mines on Craig Rhiwarth and in Cwm Orog. Spoil heaps are visible on Cyrniau and in the area now used by the Revolution Bike Park: the chimney of a smelter has survived further up the lane that leads there. Lead mining ceased in 1916.
Slate quarrying was also a major industry, and was certainly under way by 1705. Llangynog slates were well known for their quality and durability. The largest quarry (in fact an underground mine) was to the north of the village on the slopes of Craig Rhiwarth, where the line of the main incline is visible from the car park among large areas of slate waste: other quarries can be seen above the village on the ridge known as Y Gribin and up the Pennant road. Slate production ceased during the Second World War.
Granite quarrying was also important during the first half of the 20th Century. Today the scars are healing, and employment locally is restricted to agriculture and small scale craft or leisure enterprises.
The Tanat Valley provides a useful east-west route which may have been used by the Romans, though the evidence is not conclusive. The present road from Llanfyllin through Llangynog and over the Berwyn to Bala was built as a turnpike under an act of 1769.
Ambitious proposals to use the valley for a major railway line serving the route to Ireland came to nothing, but the Tanat Valley Light Railway linking Llangynog to the Cambrian Railway at Porthywaen was authorised in 1899 and opened in 1904. Its station is now the site of the Glendower Caravan Park by the River Eirth, and the track once crossed the road to a siding serving the granite quarries. Passenger trains ran to Oswestry and minerals, coal and agricultural goods were carried.
The line closed in 1952 after a life of less than fifty years.
The corn mill by the River Eirth, accessible by public footpath from the Rhiwarth or Bala Road, ground corn into the 1930’s, but was also used from the 1920’s for generating electricity.
Power was low, but the service was maintained until a mains supply reached Llangynog in 1954.
Several cast iron water fountains can be seen around the village. Mains water did not arrive until the early 1960s.
The first council houses were built at Dolhendre, opposite the Memorial Hall, in 1948 and represented a new, higher standard of accommodation for many families. House building has continued, though not on a large scale: many of the older cottages have become holiday accommodation or second homes.
During the 18th and 19th centuries a number of day and Sunday schools were founded in the village, mostly short-lived. Only after the Education Act of 1870 was a universal system of free, state-sponsored education introduced.
Llangynog’s Board School was opened in 1878 and soon had over a hundred pupils: the fine stone building, with its master’s house, can be seen up Rhiwarth Road.
It is now used as workshops: primary age children were transferred to Ysgol Pennant, Penybontfawr, in 1972.
Memorial Hall (Neuadd Goffa)
The hall, further up the Rhiwarth Road, was built of local stone and slate by the men of the village, many of whom were skilled craftsmen, as a memorial to the dead of the First World War: a stone plaque above the fireplace records their names.
It was opened in 1937. An extension at the back, with an entrance hall and toilets, was completed in 2002 and a new games room is under construction. The hall is one of the finest in the district and well used for concerts and village functions.
Copies of "A Llangynog Village Trail", by John Hainsworth, with more on the history of the village, are available in St Cynog’s Church.
Much information on the history and landscape around Llangynog and the Tanat Valley can be found at
Useful books include:
Wilfred J Wren: "The Tanat Valley, its Railways and Industrial Archaeology" (David & Charles)
R.A. Williams: "The Old Mines of the Llangynog District" (Northern Mine Research Society)
Mike Lloyd: "The Tanat Valley Light Railway" (Wild Swan Publications Ltd)
J D Loyd: "Memories of Old Llangynog" published by the Author, on local sale.